quarta-feira, 22 de novembro de 2017

Vídeo: A Troca de Presentes entre Arábia Saudita e o Papa Francisco



Eu imagino uma reunião no Vaticano, antes da reunião com o representante da Arábia Saudita. Um dos assessores do Papa (ou até o próprio Papa, infelizmente) diria: "não podemos dar presentes religiosos para ele, isso pode ofendê-lo, então vamos dar umas medalhas em ouro, prata e bronze com a imagem do Papa".

Também imagino uma reunião na Arábia Saudita, antes da reunião com o Papa. Um assessor diria: "Vamos aproveitar a oportunidade para levar Alá, Maomé e o Islã para o Papa".

Pois é, o Papa Francisco se encontrou com um representante da Arábia Saudita, apesar de que a Arábia Saudita não tem relações diplomáticas com o Vaticano. Eles não permitiriam uma Igreja Católica por lá.

Na oportunidade, o representante, Abdullah bin Fahad Allaidan, deu dois presentes para o Papa Francisco: 1) Uma miniatura do local mais sagrado para os muçulmanos, Meca; e 2) Um "rosário" muçulmano que lembra os 99 nomes de Alá.

E o Papa, deu o quê? As medalhinhas dele.

Um foi missionário de sua religião, o outro foi político.



terça-feira, 21 de novembro de 2017

Os Papas, as Guerras e o Terrorismo


Publiquei recentemente na Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Defesa o artigo "Just War and the Popes: from Pius X to Francis"  (Guerra Justa e os Papas: de Pio X a Francisco).

É um pequena parte com algumas alterações do meu livro Teoria e Tradição da Guerra Justa: do Império Romano ao Estado Islâmico, publicado ano passado pela Vide Editorial.

Resolvi escrever o artigo em inglês, pois o livro já estava em português, e assim eu podia atingir outras audiências.

Se quiserem ler o artigo, ele está disponível no site da Revista, clicando aqui.

Se quiserem, ler o livro, que trata o assunto guerra de forma bem mais ampla, acessem qualquer site de livraria no Brasil, como a Saraiva, Amazon  ou Cultura. Aproveitem o Black Friday que livro está em promoção.

Coloquem o nome do livro no Google e escolham a livraria.



Vídeo: Bispo Athanasius Schneider- "É Impossível um Papa Mudar um Dogma de Fé. A Igreja Não é Dele"



No vídeo acima o Bispo Schneider é entrevistado por Michael Matt. Vou relatar o que ele disse no vídeo:

  • Depois de falar sobre seu apreço à missa tradicional, bispo Schneider responde sobre o abuso com a Eucaristia, Schneider responde que em alguns países, por meio de conferências episcopais, pessoas que vivem em pecado mortal, em adultério público, estão sendo admitidas a receber a Santa Eucaristia. Isso é uma afronta a 2 mil anos de dogma da Igreja. Divórcio e adultério estão sendo aprovados implicitamente. É um ataque à sagrada Eucaristia. 
  • Há também muita banalização e profanação da Eucaristia, ofendendo o mais sagrado da Igreja, o corpo e o sangue de Cristo. Isso vai ter consequências.
  • Os padres e bispos, que estão profanando a Eucaristia, estão traindo a Deus;
  • Perguntado se tem esperança que o Papa Francisco responda à Dubia, ele disse que há sempre esperança e há orações para que o Papa reaja contra essas profanações. Diz que o Papa deveria fazer isso, pois essa é a sua obrigação, sua primeira tarefa, trazer clareza sobre a Doutrina. Alguns clérigos preferem puxar o saco do Papa, eles deveriam ser honestos e pedir clareza ao Papa, em ato de caridade com todos os fiéis. O Papa está trazendo muita confusão.
  • Diz que é um sinal do Espírito Santo, que todos os graus da Igreja (cardeais, bispos, padres e leigos) estão reagindo contra essa confusão.
  • Ele é perguntado sobre se o pior acontecer, se o Papa não responder à Dubia e continuar com suas confusões que profanam a Igreja e até chegar a aprovar a união gay. Schneider diz que devemos ficar firmes na verdade que conhecemos, que está escrito no catecismo. E essa verdade é eterna, não pode ser mudada. A Igreja e a fé católica não são propriedade do Papa. Ele apenas administra. Ele não pode mudar um dogma da fé. Não se preocupem, a fé está nas mãos de Cristo, não pode ser mudada. Ele é a verdade eterna. Um Papa não pode impor uma doutrina errada, isso é impossível, caso contrário as portas do inferno dominariam a Igreja. Mesmo quando vivemos em um período do escuridão, quando um papa não defende a fé, devemos rezar por ele, mas também confiar que a fé será mantida.
  • Sobre o Concílio Vaticano II, ele diz que é evidente que o concílio tem promovido uma grande crise na Igreja. Há erros na interpretação do Concílio, mas também tem fonte no Concílio pela sua falta de firmeza na defesa da fé.





segunda-feira, 20 de novembro de 2017

Ideia de Asno Acadêmico: Dar Parte da França aos Muçulmanos


William Buckley Jr., famoso escritor e comentarista político americano, certa vez disse que daria o governo dos Estados Unidos aos 400 primeiros da lista telefônica de Boston, mas não daria para os acadêmicos de Harvard.

Lembrei de Buckley Jr ao ver essa ideia "brilhante" de um acadêmico francês.

A foto do "iluminado" vai abaixo.


Ele se chama Christian de Moliner,

E qual é a "brilhante" ideia de Moliner?

O raciocínio dele é o seguinte: já que a França nunca conseguirá converter uns 30% dos muçulmanos que vivem no país e querem implantar a lei sharia, a solução para ele é...(rufem os tambores) a França dar parte do território para esses muçulmanos, pois caos contrário haverá guerra civil no país.

Bom, será que ele não sabe que esses muçulmanos foram para a França fugindo justamente de buracos muçulmanos que tentam aplicar a sharia?

🙈

Realmente, Buckley sabia o que estava falando. Acadêmicos são celeiros de péssimas ideias e de estupidezes.


Veiam a reportagem do site Westmonster:

French academic has suggested creating a Muslim state within France in order to prevent a civil war.

Professor Christian de Moliner claims that a second society has formed in France, which he described as: “A branch that wants to settle their lives on religious values and is fundamentally opposed to the liberal consensus on which our country was founded.

“We can never convert the 30% of Muslims who demand the introduction of sharia law to the merits of our democracy and secularism.

“We are now allowing segregation to take place that does not say its name. Rather than veil the face or adopt unimaginable measures in democracy (remigration, forced evictions of the most radical), why not establish a dual system of law in France?

De Moliner writes that Emmanuel Macron winning the Presidential election will not make the problems disappear, it will only kick the can down the road.

“We will never be able to eradicate the radical Islamism,” he says, adding: “While we are not yet at open war, the faithful of the Prophet are already regrouping in areas sometimes governed by special rules.”

The academic’s ‘solution’ is to create a “state inspired by colonial Algeria and Mayotte of the twentieth century: one territory, one government, but two peoples: the French with the usual laws and Muslims with Qur’anic status (but only for those who choose it).”

“The latter will have the right to vote unlike the natives of colonial Algeria, but they will apply Shariah in everyday life, to regulate matrimonial laws (which will legalize polygamy) and inheritance.”

“They will no longer apply to French judges for disputes between Muslims, but to Cadis. On the other hand, conflicts between Christians and believers will remain the responsibility of ordinary courts.”

“However, this system would involve schools or hospitals reserved for believers and therefore the creation of local committees that will manage them independently. A council of ulemas will fix the religious law, but the autonomy will stop there.”

“It is obviously out of the question that an embryonic Muslim government is settling in France.”

“This system worked without too many problems from 1890 to 1940 in Algeria.”
It’s sad that this is now openly being regarded as a solution to Europes Islamism problem…




domingo, 19 de novembro de 2017

Estado Islâmico Divulga Foto de Papa Francisco Decapitado


É a segunda ameaça à Igreja que vejo na internet em menos de uma semana. A outra foi de um carro terrorista atacando no Vaticano durante as celebrações do Natal.

Agora divulgam o Papa Francisco decapitado.

Essa notícia foi divulgado em vários sites como esse aqui e aqui.

Assim, o Estado Islâmico incentiva terroristas dentro da Europa a atacarem no Vaticano.

Ontem, eu li que a França declarou que há 300 mil (!) imigrantes ilegais no país.

Perdoe-me mas não posso evitar e ironia: assim, decapitado, o Papa não poderá dialogar com eles.

Como se diz na minha terra: "tome tento, Papa".


sábado, 18 de novembro de 2017

Life News: "Trump é o Mais Pró-Vida da História dos EUA"


Em menos de um ano, Trump mostrou que não é só palavras, pelo seus atos já é considerado o presidente mais pró-vida da história dos Estados Unidos.

Grande Trump, que felicidade tê-lo no poder depois de Obama, que foi o maior defensor do aborto da história dos Estados Unidos, a ponto de defender a morte por inanição de crianças que sobrevivem um aborto.

Viva Trump, viva a Vida!!!!

Vejam reportagem do Life News.

Donald Trump is the most pro-life president in American history

It’s been a year since the “Election of the Century,” and political pundits everywhere are assessing President Donald Trump’s performance thus far.
Pro-lifers are evaluating Trump, too.  Their verdict so far?  He perhaps overreached in his campaign promises (what politician hasn’t?), but “The Donald” is the most pro-life, pro-marriage, and pro-family president in the history of the republic.
“President Trump has been the most pro-life president in modern history,” Concerned Women for America’s Penny Nance flatly told Breitbart News.
Even “Never Trumpers,” like Susan B. Anthony List’s Marjorie Dannenfelser, have come around after the fearless chief executive’s repeated --almost incessant, to the consternation of pro-abortionists-- pro-life appointments, constitutionalist nominations, and religious freedom executive orders.  
“When it comes down to actually getting concrete policy done, you couldn’t ask for a better White House,” Dannenfelser told the Hill.  “It’s far more solidly committed to the life issue than any other White House has been.”
The list of Trump uncompromisingly pro-life appointments is so long that it would far shorter to list RINO appointments.  From Vice President (former Gov.) Mike Pence (whose very active, very welcome role is uncommon in modern politics), Attorney General (former Sen.) Jeff Sessions, HHS Secretary (former Sen.) Tom Price (later forced out by a ruthless liberal smear campaign), Presidential Counselor Kellyanne Conway and Chief of Staff Reince Priebus (later fired via an internal smear campaign), to U.N. Ambassador (former Gov.) Nikki Haley and HUD Secretary Dr. Ben Carson, Trump has stacked the cabinet deck with solid, unquestionably pro-life leaders.

And not just his top cabinet, but right on down to government officials at every level, Trump exceeded everybody’s pro-life expectations.  From Dr. Charmaine Yoest (as an HHS Assistant Secretary) and Roger Severino (to head the HHS’ Office of Civil Rights) to (former Gov.) Sam Brownback, Teresa Manning, Shannon Royce, Valerie Huber, Mark Green (who withdrew under liberal assaults), Bethany Kozma, Ryan Zinke, and Sean Spicer (who later resigned over a liberal appointment’s machinations).
From the start, it was clear that Trump may have exaggerated his abilities, but he really meant it when he said he was pro-life.
In fact, as so many other true conservatives have pointed out, the main obstructionists to an all-out pro-life, pro-marriage, and pro-family agenda sweeping the nation have been establishment Republicans already in position before the Trump juggernaut.
And although his judicial nominees have been subject to prolonged delay by Democrats --a legitimate tactic with a lame duck president in the hopes of opposing party takeover but not with a newly-elected one-- no prolifer could quibble with his picks.  The foremost nod, of course, being originalist and common-sense champion in an age of moral insanity Neil Gorsuch to the nation’s top bench.
Then there’s Trump’s executive actions, decisions, and orders.  His first day in office, Trump not only reinstated Reagan/Bush One/Bush Two’s Mexico City Policy thwarting tax dollars being funneled to abortion providers worldwide, he greatly expanded it --forever making Planned Parenthood his arch-enemy-- to ensure no American money murdered foreign babies.
On many Obama-instigated perversion fronts, Trump stepped into the gap like Moses in the wilderness to halt the Culture of Death Plague.  
  • In parallel fashion to Obama’s abandonment of the Defense of Marriage Act and Don’t Ask Don’t Tell federal law, Trump refused to defend Obama’s unilateral transgender bathroom financial blackmail against public elementary and high schools.  
  • His religious freedom executive order, while watered down from its original, leaked formulation, championed the “free speech and religious liberty” of churches to speak the truth against homosexuality without the threat of losing their tax-exempt status.  “We will not allow people of faith to be targeted, bullied, or silenced anymore,” was Trump’s trademark go-to line on the stump.
  • Trump overturned Obama’s regulation forcing states to fund the nation’s most lucrative abortion conglomerate.  
  • He withdrew U.S. funding from the abortion-promoting U.N. Population Fund.
  • As Commander in Chief he ordered the military to stop recruiting transgenders into active duty.
  • He cut off Obama’s failed $100 million-a-year fornication-promoting sex ed program.
  • The president 180’ed Obama’s “gender identity” interpretation of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, bringing sanity to the application of a law clearly not meant to apply to the gender confused.
  • The Trump administration finally stopped the ObamaCare forced abortion coverage mandate and allowed churches, monasteries, religious organizations and Christian businesses to opt out of insurance which grossly violated their sincerely held beliefs.
  • POTUS saved the country from the business of abortion and homosexuality promotion by yanking us out of UNESCO.
  • Trump’s tax proposal gives the “unborn child … at any stage of development who is carried in the womb” eligibility for a tax-saving college savings plan.
  • Trump’s blueprint detailing his vision for the HHS explicitly and repeatedly states that the United States of America seeks to protect citizens “from conception to natural death.”
Trump’s withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement was perhaps his most gutsy move.  The global warming movement had long been a pro-abortion tool, a front for promoting mass baby-killing by economic coercion worldwide.  Our president literally stood Lone Ranger against a global coalition of world leaders pressuring him to give in to Obama concessions that not only were bad for the United States economically, but represented “an international assault on Christian civilization.”  
Exiting the Paris Climate Agreement demonstrated that like no other president before him, Trump has the wherewithal and the guts to do the right thing regardless of the political consequences.
“On the life issues, Trump has proven to be more of a doer than almost everyone expected,” Life Site News founder Steve Jalsevac admitted.  
While prolifers should always focus on a politician’s deeds, not rhetoric, words do have power, especially the words of the President of the United States.  Trump has done more than his share of semantic morale boosting.  When he called out the mainstream media for 44 years of failing to the cover the annual March for Life (and lying about it), his open shaming resulted in 37 times more coverage in 2017 than in 2016.  He also sent Vice President Pence and counselor Kellyanne Conway to the shear delight of march participants.
Trump’s words in June to the United Nations that abortion is not “family planning” helped expose to the world that body’s destructive agenda-driven verbal gymnastics for the wolf-in-sheep’s-clothing it is.  And just this month the president’s words were deeply significant when he demolished pro-abortion’s most falsely “compassionate” argument by declaring that adoption means “no child in America is unwanted.”  
After the president’s powerful speeches in Poland and to the U.N., which easily rival anything J.F.K. ever recited and compare favorably with Abraham Lincoln’s timeless addresses, Jalsevac, a life long pro-life activist, concluded Trump has proven “a much more capable conservative statesman than most thought he could ever be.”

Trump disappointments
There have been disappointments.  Bitter ones.  Trump attempted numerous times to de-tax fund Planned Parenthood’s over half a billion dollar subsidy, but was stopped by RINOs like John McCain, better known to prolifers as the Twenty-First Century’s Benedict Arnold.  Ditto all attempts to rescind or just replace ObamaCare.
His pick of Exxon-Mobil CEO Rex Tillerson, who homosexualized the Boy Scouts, as Secretary of State was a devastating signal that the Obama/Clinton State Department’s relentless campaign of pushing child murder as female “empowerment” and shoving sodomy on unwilling nations’ constitutions may continue indefinitely.
Another bad appointment was self-described “gay rights activist” Anthony Scaramucci as presidential adviser and later as communications director.  Thankfully, Scaramucci's tenure was very brief and he was fired, but not until he inflicted severe damage to the Trump administration in disenfranchising Priebus and Spicer.
The president kept Obama’s “LGBT International Envoy,” homosexual activist Randy Berry, which resulted in the U.S. pushing for international recognition of sodomic relations at the Human Rights Council. However, there have been indications that Berry's role in the administration has recently changed.
And Trump has, under the influence of his daughter Ivanka, her husband Jared Kushner and others, made some harmful decisions.  
  • Caving to Log Cabin Republican homosexuals, the president retained an Obama directive adding “gender identity” to federal employment nondiscrimination policy.  
  • Trump’s originally fierce Executive Order on Religious Liberty was gutted into a far weaker measure by the time it was implemented.  
  • A proposed tax credit for adoption was not included in Trump’s final proposal.
Despite these serious mistakes, President Trump has begun to turn the cultural tide from hedonistic death toward sanity, hope, and life.
One year ago, Catholic Cardinal Raymond Burke discerned that the stunning Trump electoral victory was a sign America had “awakened” to its moral crisis.  Despite many pro-life leaders’ doubts, Burke predicted the election was a victory for the sanctity of innocent human life.
Even pro-abortionists begrudgingly agree with the Cardinal’s assessment.  Planned Parenthood President Cecile Richards says the Trump administration has already done more to set back the nation’s largest abortion provider than any other president in Planned Parenthood’s history.
Priests for Life’s Father Frank Pavone praised Trump’s “very measurable and tangible executive actions to advance the rights of the unborn.”  However, Fr. Pavone claims Trump’s greatest pro-life feat was not an appointment, nomination, or executive order.
“The most powerful thing he has accomplished for the pro-life movement is that he kept Hillary Clinton out of the White House,” Pavone said.


sexta-feira, 17 de novembro de 2017

Segundo o Papa Francisco, Eu sou Perverso. E Deus Apoia a Hipótese de Mudança Climática.


O Papa Francisco é chamado do "papa verde",  pelo seu apoio (incondicional e não científico) da hipótese da mudança climática.

Ele é tão defensor dessa hipótese que chega a chamar de perversos aqueles que acham que essa hipótese é bobagem, como eu.

Eu já estudei muito o tema e dois textos publicados no exterior sobre o assunto, além de morar em Cambridge, Reino Unido, por um ano, estudando essa bobagem.

Alguns católicos estão até questionando se o Papa não está sendo "comandado pelo demônio" por conta desse apelo climático dele.

O Papa mandou uma carta para a Conferência Climática de Bonn apelando que "nós" façamos tudo para salvar o planeta.

Não, não há nenhuma menção a Cristo ou a Bíblia na carta. Mas ele diz que Deus apoia a hipótese de mudança climática, não sei como ele sabe disso.

Vejamos a carta abaixo:

Excellency,
Nearly two years ago, the international community gathered within this UNFCCC forum, with most of its highest government representatives, and after a long and complex debate arrived at the adoption of the historic Paris Agreement. It saw the achievement of consensus on the need to launch a shared strategy to counteract one of the most worrying phenomena our humanity is experiencing: climate change.
The will to follow this consensus was highlighted by the speed with which the Paris Agreement entered into force, less than a year after its adoption.
The Agreement indicates a clear path of transition to a low- or zero-carbon model of economic development, encouraging solidarity and leveraging the strong links between combating climate change and poverty. This transition is further solicited by the climatic urgency that requires greater commitment from the countries, some of which must endeavour to take a leading role in this transition, bearing in mind the needs of the most vulnerable populations.
These days you are gathered in Bonn to carry out another important phase of the Paris Agreement: the process of defining and constructing guidelines, rules and institutional mechanisms so that it may be truly effective and capable of contributing to the achievement of the complex objectives it proposes. In such a path, it is necessary to maintain a high level of cooperation.
From this perspective, I would like to reaffirm my urgent call to renew dialogue on how we are building the future of the planet. We need an exchange that unites us all, because the environmental challenge we are experiencing, and its human roots, regards us all, and affects us all. [...] Unfortunately, many efforts to seek concrete solutions to the environmental crisis are often frustrated for various reasons ranging from denial of the problem to indifference, comfortable resignation, or blind trust in technical solutions (cf. Encyclical Laudato si’, 14).
We should avoid falling into the trap of these four perverse attitudes, which certainly do not help honest research or sincere and productive dialogue on building the future of our planet: denial, indifference, resignation and trust in inadequate solutions.
Moreover, we cannot limit ourselves only to the economic and technological dimension: technical solutions are necessary but not sufficient; it is essential and desirable to carefully consider the ethical and social impacts and impacts of the new paradigm of development and progress in the short, medium and long term.
From this perspective, it is increasingly necessary to pay attention to education and lifestyles based on an integral ecology, capable of taking on a vision of honest research and open dialogue where the various dimensions of the Paris Agreement are intertwined. It is useful to remember that the Agreement recalls the “grave … ethical and moral responsibility to act without delay, in a manner as free as possible from political and economic pressures, setting aside particular interests and behaviour” (cf. Message to COP-22). This means, in effect, propagating a “responsible awareness” towards our common home (cf. Encyclical Laudato si’, 202; 231) through the contribution of all, in explaining the different forms of action and partnership between the various stakeholders, some of whom do not lack to highlight the ingenuity of the human being in favour of the common good.
While I send my greetings to you, Mr President, and to all the participants in this Conference, I hope that, with your authoritative guidance and that of the Fiji Islands, the work of these days will be inspired by the same collaborative and prophetic spirit manifested during the COP-21. This will enable an acceleration of awareness-raising and consolidate the will to make effective decisions to counteract the phenomenon of climate change while at the same time fighting poverty and promoting true human development as a whole. This commitment is supported by the wise providence of God Most High.



quinta-feira, 16 de novembro de 2017

Uma Nova Escravidão de Negros - Africanos Que Querem Chegar na Europa Acabam Virando Escravos na África Muçulmana.


Há uma nova onda de escravidão muçulmana, movida pela loucura europeia que despreza seu próprio povo e cultura.

Africanos de diversos países, por vezes sub-saarianos, a maioria jovem, sonham em conseguir um bote para chegar na Europa. Para isso, entram no país que foi destruído na chamada Primavera Árabe, Líbia, e hoje praticamente não tem governo.

Acontece que chegando na Líbia, os contrabandistas que fornecem esse botes, podem não ter botes, daí esses jovens ficam sujeitos a eles (aliás, esses contrabandistas não se importam sobre as condições de viagem para os africanos ou se eles morrem na travessia. Quem iria reclamar a vida deles?).

Não tendo botes, os contrabandistas então resolveram fazer leilão dos africanos, e vendê-los como escravos. O preço gira em torno de 400 dólares.

É a escravidão em terras muçulmanas, coisa muito comum na história.

O site Jihad Watch, inclusive, mostrou como os Hadith (conjuntos de relatos sobre os hábitos e palavras de Maomé), descrevem os negros.

Em resumo, esses Hadiths apontam que "Noé" rezou para que os africanos se tornassem negros e fossem escravos dos Árabes e dos Turcos.

Cadê a gritaria daqueles que "lutam contra o racismo" contra essa nova escravidão?

Vejam a reportagem abaixo na Newsweek:

AT SLAVE AUCTIONS, LIBYA SMUGGLERS ARE SELLING OFF MIGRANTS FOR AS LITTLE AS $400



Migrants trying to reach Europe via North Africa are being sold at modern-day slave auctions by smugglers in Libya for as little as $400, a new investigation has revealed.
Along the Libyan coast, smugglers have racked up hundreds of thousands of dollars putting migrants on the perilous journey to Europe on rickety boats across the Mediterranean Sea. Now they are being sold off to buyers for manual labor, according to CNN.
Desperate migrants make their way through sub-Saharan Africa—either west or east—to Libya, a near-failed state wracked by years of civil war and lawlessness, to pay substantial sums to traffickers in hope of a new life on European shores.
According to the investigation, cell phone footage showed African men being sold, offered as one of the “big, strong boys for farm work.”
In the Libyan capital of Tripoli, an auction was witnessed for a man whose price rose from 500 dollars to $650. Some were sold for just $400, less than half the median weekly earnings of an American worker.
“Does anybody need a digger? This is a digger, a big, strong man, he’ll dig,” an auctioneer said. “What am I bid, what am I bid?”
This situation has arisen because of the European and Libyan crackdown on smuggler vessels—meaning that those who arrive in Libya have no boats on which to leave, and the smugglers have nowhere to send the migrants.
Instead, the traffickers are attempting make money from migrants’ desperation.
Libyan authorities in the city say they have knowledge of the smuggling operations in the country, but not slave auctions. “They fill a boat with 100 people, those people may or may not make it,” First Lieutenant Naser Hazam of the Libyan government’s Anti-Illegal Immigration Agency told CNN.
“[The smuggler] does not care as long as he gets the money, and the migrant may get to Europe or die at sea.”
Previous investigations by Newsweek have shown that smugglers, particularly in the coastal town of Zuwara, drew in hundreds of migrants from across Africa, from Egypt, Sudan, and Niger, using social media.
In 2015, the smugglers brazenly used Facebook accounts and charts of the range of prices for their services.
For instance, a trip from Sudan to Libya and on to Italy would cost two migrants, a mother and her daughter, around $3,500: $1,500 for the crossing and the rest for the transport from Khartoum, the Sudanese capital. Social media companies have clamped down on the recruiting, and the business now operates more on word of mouth.
In 2016, there were at least 5,079 fatalities or missing cases of people who tried to make the Mediterranean crossings to Europe.